$ docker images REPOSITORY VIRTUAL SIZE dns 7.497 MB
As we are currently bootstrapping a mobile App on a minimal budget we want to do as much as possible on your own infrastructure (a 4 year old laptop).
We have a few hundred users now enjoining our app on a regular basis. Also a second developer joined the team. Now it's definitely time for a dedicated development environment.
There is no money for a development environment
A founded startup would just create some instances on AWS, or assign some IP addresses to a server and they are ready to go. We can't do that.
As we are hosting at home and only have one IP addr available we relay on our internal subnet and a proxy server which redirects traffic accordingly. To simulate this behavior in our home network we have to create custom DNS rules to match servernames to internal IP addresses.
Docker, Alpine and Unbound let you create a minimal DNS in minutes.
Your dockerfile will look something like this:
FROM alpine:3.3 RUN apk add --update unbound ; \ rm -rf /var/cache/apk/* ; COPY unbound.conf /etc/unbound/unbound.conf COPY root.hints /var/unbound/etc/root.hints COPY root.key /var/unbound/etc/root.key RUN unbound-checkconf CMD ["unbound"]
The root.hints file can be downloaded here.
root.key signs the top level DNS Servers downloaded above:
. IN DS 19036 8 2 49AAC11D7B6F6446702E54A1607371607A1A41855200FD2CE1CDDE32F24E8FB5
unbnound.conf you can now create custom DNS Entries e.g. A-Records:
server: interface: 0.0.0.0 verbosity: 1 do-daemonize: no access-control: 0.0.0.0/0 allow do-ip4: yes do-ip6: no do-udp: yes do-tcp: no hide-identity: yes hide-version: yes harden-glue: yes harden-dnssec-stripped: yes use-caps-for-id: yes cache-min-ttl: 3600 cache-max-ttl: 86400 prefetch: yes num-threads: 4 msg-cache-slabs: 8 rrset-cache-slabs: 8 infra-cache-slabs: 8 key-cache-slabs: 8 rrset-cache-size: 256m msg-cache-size: 128m so-rcvbuf: 1m private-address: 192.168.1.0/16 unwanted-reply-threshold: 10000 do-not-query-localhost: no val-clean-additional: yes local-zone: "pmig.at." static local-data: "pmig.at. IN A 192.168.1.201" forward-zone: name: "." forward-addr: 18.104.22.168 forward-addr: 22.214.171.124 forward-addr: 126.96.36.199 forward-addr: 188.8.131.52
It's possible to define a local-zone and set A records accordingly. If your address is not in your local zone you will just ask the next DNS Server. In our case we just use our ISP's DNS and the Google DNS if our ISP fails.
You just need to ensure you just 53/udp to your docker host and configure it in your router which servers you the internal IP's.
Ready! You can setup as many docker development servers in your local network now!
If you have any questions, just hit me up on Twitter:
How our own DNS server helps us bootstrapping our app. #docker #alpinelinux #unbound #dns #startup #bootstrap
— Philip Miglinci (@pmigat)